Saturday, December 6, 2014


Hospital ward room is simply defined as enclosed spaces in a health facility building where patient receive particular medical treatments. Nowadays, hospital ward room is provided not just as utilitarian rooms which are furnished with standard bed within round metal legs, simple bedside table within drawer and simple neon box lamp at ceiling. Further following the raising of quality of life, there are more patients require hospital ward room within certain higher levels of comfort where they have a restful healing treatment.

Definitely, hospital ward room shall provide adequate privacy in related with their medical healing and treatment. Patient shall feel quiet for rest and sleep on their bed. Ward room shall also provide higher standard of clinical governance and effective infection controls.

Patient shall have safe access to an enclosed bathroom in private and having their own visitors without disturbing others (if there are another patent in a ward room). It will be ideal if patient have opportunity control his or her own environment, such as levels of noises, lighting (artificial or natural or combination between these two) and also levels of room temperature if the ward room is equipped with air conditioning system. A safe and accessible storage of personal belongings should also be well addressed. 

Hospital ward room size is generated by the bed size and required clearance space around bed, enclosed bathroom (consisting shower cubicle, WC and hand basin table), space for clinical workstation, storage and overnight stay facility. Space for patient mobile bed shall include its maneuver space when patient on bed need to be transferred in and out of the ward room.

Clearance space for patient bed commonly defined by the using of ceiling track-mounted curtain that provided for privacy purposes when medical team require medical examinations to patient bed. Privacy curtain is also utilized to enable visual privacy when two or more patients are stay in a single ward room suite. In related with the using of this privacy curtain, particularly inn air-conditioned ward room, it should be carefully selected and installed. Correct type of curtain system will not block fresh air and return air distributions from and to A/C grilles. 

 Once patient bed position is determined, all associated electrical and service outlets position can be further ensured accordingly. Typically, all of these outlets are integrated on a linear wall-mounted bed service panel unit that installed on wall above patient head position. There are various type of outlets are commonly place on overhead bed service panel such as power outlets, light switches, nurse call button, medical gasses (suction, oxygen, etc) outlets, intercom outlets, etc). Built-in task light and ambient night light also commonly integrated on this bed service panel.

Since the patient bed is mobile type, a kind of bumper should be properly mounted on wall and/or floor. This will avoid and reduce bed impact movements during patient transferring activities.

Selection of material is important aspect in hospital ward room design. Generally, selected material should be durable and easy to be maintained. All selected materials shall comply with local regulation in related with safety and health requirements. Material and its installation details shall not causing undesirable dirt and dust are collected. 

Some research claimed that colors can promote healing functions and positive atmosphere for both patient and medical staff in a hospital. They claimed that there are several factors have been identified that can measurably improve positive results for patients and medical hospital staff :  reduce or eliminate environmental stressors, provide positive distractions, enable social support and give a sense of control. Further, the research claimed that interior designs that reflect nature can play an important role in meeting with these objectives. The us of color palettes that reflect nature, can help promote a healing atmosphere in hospital environments and at the same time also promote relaxing, therapeutic environment, which can encourage a positive impact to patient health,

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